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The history of Phoenix, Arizona goes back in United States history as far as the Civil war times. Arizona, a peaceful area of the time and place, far west of those chaotic civil war days, drew one confederate there. Seeing the potential for homesteading, Jack Swilling built a city on the many canals already used by the native Americans of the area and founded Phoenix in 1868. When booking your flight, use the best flights booking app you can.

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Arizona Capitol Building and Museum

Built-in 1900 by James Riely Gordon, the Capitol building of Arizona is one of the most handsome of state capitol buildings. It includes a museum of artifacts that details the founding of Arizona as well as Phoenix. With a design that included a dome rotunda much like Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello, lack of funds reduced Riely Gordon’s design to a smaller top and eliminated the wings he had initially designed for the building. The entire building is built with copper and granite mined in the Arizona mines. Insulated by thick masonry walls, the building is constantly protected from the heat of the desert climate. Exhibits of the museum include the gravesite of Governor of Arizona, Wesley Bolin. One of the oldest buildings in Phoenix, it is open to the public daily. 

The Luhrs Building

In 1924, a ten-story building became Phoenix’s tallest building to date. Built by businessman George Luhr, the top flours became the new Arizona Club, with dining and bedrooms for members. The bottom floors were used as offices for prominent Phoenix businesses. It is a beautiful brown brick building, topped by a marble decorative two stories under a heavy cornice roof. The towers were built five years after the main structure was completed. The Luhrs building remained the tallest building in Arizona for three years until it was replaced by Westward Ho, in 1927. 

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